BALLISTIC THREAT LEVELS AND NIJ STANDARDS

The National Institute of Justice (N.I.J.) is a part of U.S. Department of Justice. Under the N.I.J., the Law Enforcement and Corrections Standards and Testing Program was established to set minimum performance standards for law enforcement equipment, thus setting national standards for police body armor. These standards have been updated and revised through the years to meet the ever increasing threat to police officers.

Because of these standards, U.S. made body armor is the most advanced and effective armor in the world today. The N.I.J. 0101.03, 0101.04, 0101.05 and 0101.06 standards are fully endorsed by the Fraternal Order of Police, the International Association of Chief of Police, the Police Executive Research forum, and the Technology Assessment Program Advisory Council.

For further information on the National Institute of Justice, please visit their website at https://www.justnet.org/ or to request additional testing information write to:

National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center
P.O. Box 1160
Rockville, MD 20849-1160

Threat Level 2A Velocity
Bullet Type Barrel FPS MPS
.22 Mag 40-GR SP 6.5″ 1180 360
12 Gage “00″ Buck 18″
9mm 147-GR Subsonic 5″ 1050 319
9mm 147-Gr JHydraShok 5″ 1050 319
9mm 124-Gr FMJ 4″ 1090 332
9mm 115-Gr JHP 4″ 1060 354
9mm 95-Gr JSP 4″ 1250 381
9mm 100-Gr JHP 4″ 1250 381
.38 Spl 125-GrSJHP+P 6″ 1028 314
.38 Spl 125-GRlead+P 6″ 1090 332
.38 Spl 110-GrJHP+P 6″ 1235 377
.357 Mag 158-GrJSP 4″ 1250 381
.357 Mag 158-Grlead 4″ 1250 381
.357 Mag 158-GrleadSWC 4″ 1253 382
10mm 200-Gr FJ-TC 5″ 1075 327
10mm 170-Gr JHP 5″ 1175 357
.41 Mag 210-Gr lead 8 3/8″ 1080 329
.45 ACP 2300Gr FMJ 5″ 810 247


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Threat Level 2 Velocity
Bullet Type Barrel FPS MPS
.22 Mag 40-GR SP 6.5″ 1180 360
12 Gage “00″ Buck 18″
9mm 147-GR Subsonic 5″ 1050 319
9mm 147-Gr JHydraShok 5″ 1050 319
9mm Cavim-FMJ 4″ 1110 339
9mm 115-Gr JHP 4″ 1160 354
9mm 115-Gr Silvertip 5″ 1170 355
9mm 124-Gr FMJ 5″ 1175 358
9mm 95-Gr JSP 4″ 1250 381
9mm 100-Gr JHP 4″ 1250 381
.38 Spl 125-GrSJHP+P 6″ 1028 314
.38 Spl 125-GRlead+P 6″ 1090 332
.38 Spl 110-GrJHP+P 6″ 1235 377
.357 Mag 158-GrJSP 4″ 1250 381
.357 Mag 158-Grlead 4″ 1250 381
.357 Mag 158-GrleadSWC 4″ 1253 382
.357 Mag 158-Gr JSP 6″ 1395 425
.357 Mag 158-Gr lead 8 3/8″ 1410 430
.357 Mag 158-Gr JSP-Hor 6″ 1445 441
.357 Mag 125-Gr JHP 4″ 1450 442
.357 Mag 110-Gr JHP 4″ 1550 473
10mm 200-Gr FJ-TC 5″ 1075 327
10mm 170-Gr JHP 5″ 1175 357
10mm 175-Gr Silvertip 5″ 1225 372
.41 Mag 210-Gr lead 8 3/8″ 1080 329
.41 Mag 210-Gr 4″ 1300 397
.44 Mag 240-Gr JSP 4″ 1180 360
.44 Mag 240-GrleadSWC 4″ 1200 366
.45 ACP 2300Gr FMJ 5″ 810 247


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Threat Level 3A Velocity
Bullet Type Barrel FPS MPS
.22 Mag 40-GR SP 6.5″ 1180 360
12 Gage “00″ Buck 18″
9mm 147-GR Subsonic 5″ 1050 319
9mm 147-Gr JHydraShok 5″ 1050 319
9mm Cavim-FMJ 4″ 1110 339
9mm 115-Gr JHP 4″ 1160 354
9mm 95-Gr JSP 4″ 1250 381
9mm 100-Gr JHP 4″ 1250 381
9mm 124-Gr FMJ 4″ 1090 332
9mm 116-Gr Norma FMJ 4″ 1150 351
9mm 115-Gr Silvertip 5″ 1170 355
9mm 124-Gr FMJ 5″ 1175 358
9mm 115-Gr FMJ Israeli 4″ 1200 366
9mm 123-Gr Lapau FMJ 4″ 1200 366
9mm 123-Gr GECO FMC 4″ 1200 366
9mm 116-GRFMJ Musgrve 5″ 1230 374
9mm 116-Gr CanadianFMJ 4″ 1250 381
9mm 115-Gr JHP+P 5″ 1345 408
9mm 124-Gr FMC 9.5″ 1400 427
.38 Spl 125-GrSJHP+P 6″ 1028 314
.38 Spl 125-GRlead+P 6″ 1090 332
.38 Spl 110-GrJHP+P 6″ 1235 377
.357 Mag 158-GrJSP 4″ 1250 381
.357 Mag 158-Grlead 4″ 1250 381
.357 Mag 158-GrleadSWC 4″ 1253 382
.357 Mag 158-Gr JSP 6″ 1395 425
.357 Mag 158-Gr lead 8 3/8″ 1410 430
.357 Mag 158-Gr JSP-Hor 6″ 1445 441
.357 Mag 125-Gr JHP 4″ 1450 442
.357 Mag 110-Gr JHP 4″ 1550 473
10mm 200-Gr FJ-TC 5″ 1075 327
10mm 170-Gr JHP 5″ 1175 357
10mm 175-Gr Silvertip 5″ 1225 372
.41 Mag 210-Gr lead 8 3/8″ 1080 329
.41 Mag 210-Gr 4″ 1300 397
.44 Mag 240-Gr JSP 4″ 1180 360
.44 Mag 240-GrleadSWC 4″ 1200 366
.44 Mag 240-GrSWC 6″ 1400 427
.45 ACP 2300Gr FMJ 5″ 810 247


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Threat Level 3 Velocity
Bullet Type FPS MPS
7.62mm 150 Grain 2750 838
7.62mm 148 Grain N9 to FMJ 2780 847
.308 Winchester FMJ (high powered rifle) 2750 838

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Threat Level 4 Velocity
Bullet Type FPS MPS
30-06 AP 166 Grain (armor piercing rifle) 2850 869
.30 Cal. 166 Grain MZ AP 2880 878

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